Press Releases - 2016
On the Assassination of Andrey Karlov, Russian Ambassador to Turkey
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the Republic of Turkey Mr.Andrey Karlov was murdered on December 19 in Ankara as a result of a terrorist attack.
The Russian Federation strongly condemns this brazen crime aimed at undermining the collective efforts to reach political settlement in Syria and at disrupting the process of normalising Russian-Turkish relations.The Russian investigatory authorities will conduct a thorough inquiry into all circumstances of the barbaric assassination in coordination with their Turkish counterparts to find and punish the perpetrators.
According to the President of Russia Vladimir Putin, the assassination of the Russian ambassador in Ankara is "a clear provocation aimed at derailing the peace process in Syria, which is actively mediated by Russia, Turkey and Iran. The only response to this could be the strengthening of the fight against terrorism".
Andrey Gennadievich Karlov was a career diplomat. He started diplomatic service in 1976 and occupied various positions in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia and missions abroad. In 2001-2006 Mr. Karlov was the Russian Ambassador to the Korean People's Democratic Republic, later headed the Department of Consular Service, and was designated to Turkey in 2013.
The Embassy expresses sincere condolences to the family and close friends of this outstanding Russian diplomat. His memory will continue to live in the hearts of everyone who knew him.
Embassy of Russia in Botswana
On Russia's withdrawal from the Rome Statute of the ICC
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation has recently issued a statement informing the public that
on the 16th of November, 2016 the President of the Russian Federation signed the Decree . The notification will be delivered to
the Depository shortly.
Russia has been consistently advocating prosecuting those responsible for the most serious international crimes. The
country was at the origins of the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals, participated in creating basic documents on the fight
against genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. These were the reasons why Russia voted for the adoption of
the Rome Statute and signed it on September 13, 2000. However the document was never ratified by the Russian
The ICC as the first permanent body of international criminal justice inspired high hopes of the international
community in the fight against impunity in the context of common efforts to maintain international peace and security,
to settle ongoing conflicts and to prevent new tensions.
Unfortunately, the Court failed to meet the expectations of turning into a truly independent, reputable
international tribunal. The work of the Court is predominantlycharacterized as ineffective and one-sided in different
fora, including the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is worth noting that during the 14
years of the Court's existence it passed only four sentences having spent over a billion dollars.
In this regard, the demarche of the African Union, which has decided to develop measures on a coordinated withdrawal
of African States from the Rome Statute, is understandable. Some of these states such as South Africa, Burundi and
Gambia, are already conducting such procedures.And more African countries intend to follow suite.
Moreover, according to the President of the Russian Association of International Law Dr. Anatoly Kapustin, the act
of aggression should be established by the UN, only after which the case may be passed over to the ICC to prosecute
those accused. The Russia was waiting until the priority of the UN over the ICC is clearly stated.
The Russian Federation cannot be indifferent to the Court's attitude vis-a-vis the situation of August 2008 in
Georgia. The Saakashvili regime's attack on the peaceful capital of South Ossetia Tskhinval in the middle of the
night, the assassination of the Russian peacekeepers resulted in the Court's accusations against South-Ossetian
militia and Russian soldiers. Eventual investigation of actions and orders of the Georgian officials was left to the
discretion of the Georgian justice and remains outside of the focus of the ICC Prosecutor's attention. This
development speaks for itself.
The Russian Federation can hardly trust the ICC in such a situation.The decision of the Russian Federation not to
become a party to the Rome Statute (to withdraw its signature from the Statute) entails legal consequences provided for
by the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969.
On the Outcomes of VIII BRICS Summit in Goa, India. October 15-16, 2016
The 2016 BRICS summit was held from 15 to 16 October 2016 in Benaulim, Goa, India. The summit's agenda included plans to strengthen the BRICS strategic partnership as a key international organisation and develop multifaceted cooperation through the group.
The summit participants also discussed fighting international terrorism and reaching a settlement in Syria, bolstering global economic and financial stability, and improving the global governance system.
In follow-up of the summit, the BRICS leaders adopted a number of documents, including the Goa Declaration and the Action Plan for its implementation.
Among the documents adopted are the Provision on the BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee, the Memorandum of Understanding between BRICS Diplomatic Academies, and the Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of the BRICS Agricultural Research Platform. The BRICS agenda is expanding, as social and humanitarian issues get increased attention in the group's documents.
According to most observers, BRICS countries managed to make a significant contribution to resolving pressing international issues. The BRICS countries' role in the global economy continues to grow. In 2007, the group accounted for less than 24 percent of global GDP, but this year it accounts for over 31 percent. The five BRICS countries are active participants in developing multilateral decisions and agreements that will accelerate global growth and trade and help to create new jobs.
The BRICS countries work together fruitfully within the World Trade Organisation and the G20 and share common positions on global development and reforming the global financial and economic architecture. Nevertheless, the BRICS is not trying to replace or challenge existing institutions; instead, they try to complement each other.
The BRICS joint declaration signed at the summit offers a multilateral vision of the world, where regional and local trade deals are only a supplement to the larger framework of the World Trade Organization.
It also outlines the group's stance on the issue of fighting terrorism, providing for a joint working group on counter-terrorism and calling on all nations to facilitate the adoption of a comprehensive convention on the matter. The Goa declaration sets clear support for Russia's initiative to work out a convention prohibiting chemical and biological terrorism. In addition to this, the declaration cited the unacceptability of unilateral sanctions. The declaration also calls for an inclusive Syrian-led political process and reforms of the UN and the Security Council.
Over the past year, the New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement have begun their practical work. The Development Bank has already approved the first five investment projects in the clean energy sector, one project in each member country. The bank will actively develop project financing in the BRICS countries' national currencies.
The launch of the Contingent Reserve Arrangement gives the BRICS countries opportunities to better protect their currencies from financial market fluctuations. Starting from February, the BRICS countries' central banks have opened special correspondent accounts in our national currencies.
BRICS member states also agreed to set up an independent rating agency based on market-oriented principles. The decision came as a result of concerns over methodologies of the big three global agencies (S&P, Moody's, Fitch), which constrain growth in emerging nations.
Speaking at the Summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin suggested that the BRICS states should foster cooperative efforts in fighting dangerous diseases. Moreover, Putin invited representatives of the BRICS states to attend the high-level global conference on tuberculosis. The conference, which will be held in Moscow in November 2017, is expected to focus on measures to fight Ebola, Zika and other diseases.
EMBASSY OF RUSSIA
On the suspension of the Russian-US Agreement
on the Management and Disposition of Plutonium
On October 3, 2016, President of Russia Vladimir Putin signed an executive order to suspend the Russian-US Agreement Concerning the Management and Disposition of Plutonium Designated as no Longer Required for Defence Purposes and Related Cooperation (Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement or PMDA), which was signed in Washington and Moscow on August 29 and September 1, 2000, and the Protocols to this Agreement signed on September 15, 2006 and April 13, 2010.
The main reason given for this decision is the dramatic change in the situation after the Agreement entered into force that has been brought about by the unfriendly steps taken by the United States against Russia over the past few years, including:
economic and political sanctions;
active build-up of the US military presence in direct proximity to the Russian borders;
The creation and further development of a ballistic missile defence system to the detriment of Russia's national security and global strategic stability;
The adoption of US laws aimed at interfering in the internal affairs of the Russian Federation, at destabilising the political situation in Russia and at supporting extremism, separatism and economic crime, such as the Magnitsky Act and the Ukraine Freedom Support Act.
The suspension of the PMDA is fully in keeping with Article 62 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.
Another reason for this decision is the United States' obvious inability and unwillingness to honour its obligations under the PMDA and Protocols to it on time and in full.
The Russian Federation has taken all the necessary measures to fulfil its obligations under the PMDA. It has created and brought to full power the BN-800 fast neutron reactor to irradiate disposition weapon-grade plutonium as fuel and completed the construction of a facility for the fabrication of mixed uranium-plutonium fuel.
At the same time, the United States has not implemented its obligations and it is unlikely that it will do so in the near future. The United States has not modified its reactors for the use of this fuel. Ultimately, US experts have concluded that the United States will need another 20 to 30 years to start disposing of weapon-grade plutonium in keeping with US-Russian agreements, whereas both countries were to begin disposition by 2018.
In this situation, the United States has decided, without consulting the Russian Federation, to dispose of its plutonium in a different manner - by mixing it with radioactive waste and burying it underground in rooms that have been excavated within a salt formation. This disposition was discussed during the drafting of the PMDA and was discarded as not irreversible.
Therefore, the suspension of the Agreement does not affect the international agenda. It concerns exclusively relations between Russia and the United States and is the result of Washington's myopic policy and failure to honour its obligations.
We would like to stress that Russia is not abandoning its nuclear disarmament obligations. The presidential executive order provides that Russian plutonium designated as no longer required for defence purposes will remain outside the arms sphere.
We stress that Russia is not terminating the PMDA but only suspending it. We hope that Russia's position will be duly taken into account and that measures will be taken to restore trust and eliminate the causes that led to the drastic change of circumstances in the sphere of strategic stability. In that case the Russian Federation will be ready to resume the PMDA.
On the 20th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum
On June 16-18, 2016, St. Petersburg hosted the 20th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) under the motto "Capitalizing on the New Global Economic Reality." According to most observers, its political and commercial outcomes as well as international repercussions became unprecedented in the entire twenty-year history of the event.
The 20th SPIEF was attended by more than 12 thousand people from 130 countries. High-level delegations from Italy headed by the Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and from Kazakhstan led by President Nursultan Nazarbayev, the President of Guinea Alpha Condİ and Prime Minister of Malta Joseph Muscat honoured the Forum. Belarus, Burundi, Ghana, Guyana, China, Cuba, Luxembourg, Uruguay, Ecuador were represented by Deputy Heads of state and government, and over thirty countries - by ministers. Heads of eleven international organizations also took part in the event, including the UN, the European Union, the World Tourism Organization, New BRICS Development Bank and the Eurasian Economic Commission. The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker addressed the participants at the opening ceremony.
The central event of the Forum was the speech of President Vladimir Putin of Russia, who outlined the basic approaches to major international challenges and current problems of the Russian and world economy. President Putin said, in particular, that thanks to prudent and diligent work of the Russian Government and Central Bank the country's macroeconomic situation remain stable, the vicious circle of economic problems has been broken, which allows to expect a GDP growth of not less than 4% per year in the near future. Nevertheless, Mr Putin highlighted in his speech the need to increase productivity, improve the labour market and boost the competitiveness of Russian goods.
The commercial results of the SPIEF-2016 are spectacular. 1,300 companies were represented at the Forum, with 880 -with their CEOs. Among the participants were global business majors, such as Royal Dutch Shell, British Petroleum, ExxonMobil, Total, Alibaba, Enel, Pirelli, "Ernst & Young, PricewaterhouseCooper, to mention just a few. 332 business agreements were signed, including the MoU between Gazprom and Royal Dutch Shell on the construction of a liquefied natural gas plant on the Baltic coast in Russia and the agreement between Rosneft and British Petroleum on joint implementation of Arctic offshore projects in a number of countries. According to preliminary estimates of the organizers, the total value of contracts, only those which do not contain trade secrets, amount to over 15 billion dollars. This figure has tripled since last year.
The program of the SPIEF included 300 events, among which business forums of BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and the Business 20. Saint Petersburg also hosted a meeting of international discussion club Valdai award ceremonies "Global Energy" and "Development Award", the summit of energy companies, dozens of thematic panel discussions. One of the round tables was devoted to discussing cooperation between Russia and Africa.
The results of the 20th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum demonstrate that over its twenty years of history it has built a reputation of the most important international political and economic event in Russia. The Forum affirmed its relevance as a universally recognized venue for informal dialogue between business and authorities, establishing trustworthy business contacts, open and frank exchange of views between the representatives of political elite, private sector, academia, civil society and the media. There is growing international attention to the Saint Petersburg Forum from various parts of the world, including Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Africa. At the same time, the event came up with a strong message to the Western leaders, revealing growing uneasiness and frustration over the sanctions against Russia arbitrarily imposed two years ago in connection with the conflict in Ukraine.
EMBASSY OF RUSSIA
Press release on the launch of the Soyuz-2.1a carrier rocket
The Soyuz-2.1a carrier rocket with three space satellites Lomonosov, Aist-2D, and SamSat-218 was successfully launched from Russia's new Far Eastern spaceport Vostochny at 05:01 a.m. Moscow time. The satellites and the upper stage separated from the third stage approximately nine minutes after the blastoff. It was the first launch from the Russian new space center.
The Russian President arrived at the Vostochny observation deck some 15 minutes before the launch of the Soyuz-2.1a. V.V.Putin met with the builders who took part in the construction of the launch site and congratulated Roscosmos, cosmodrome workers and builders on the successful launch of the carrier rocket.
"I would like to congratulate you all. We have reason to be proud," Vladimir Putin said at a meeting with rocket launch team and Roscosmos Agency representatives. "This is definitely a very important and significant step forward in the development of the Russian cosmonautics", said the President of the Russian Federation.
Vostochny is Russia's first civilian spaceport for preparation and launch of scientific, socioeconomic and commercial satellites. The main construction works were completed in mid-January of 2016.
The Mikhail Lomonosov satellite is designed to help study transient phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere and magnetosphere and near-Earth radiation environment along with fundamental cosmological studies.
The Aist-2D small satellite is designed to position and control spacecraft and study how external factors in outer space impact spacecraft equipment and satellite body materials.
Launch of the rocket.jpg
President Putin watching the launch.jpg
On International Day of Human Space Flight
Cosmonautics Day is an anniversary celebrated on April 12 in dedication of the first manned space flight made on April 12, 1961 by the 27-year-old Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. Gagarin circled the Earth for 1 hour and 48 minutes aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft. After one circle, the spacecraft's descent module landed in the USSR.
Gagarin's flight was a triumph for the Soviet space program, and opened a new era in the history of space exploration. In the years following Yuri Gagarin's first space flight, over 500 people from almost 40 countries have flown in space. New opportunities in space were created in 2000 when the first crew boarded the International Space Station (ISS), a joint space project involving 15 countries. Since the start of its operation, the ISS has gradually turned into a huge laboratory in near-Earth space.
Since 1962, April 12th became a national holiday in the USSR. In November 1968, delegates of the 61st General Conference of the World Air Sports Federation decided to celebrate World Day of Aviation and Astronautics every April 12. On April 7, 2011, acting on the Russia's initiative, the UN General Assembly proclaimed April 12 International Day of Human Space Flight. This decision coincided with the 50th anniversary of the trailblazing flight of Yuri Gagarin. This resolution was co-authored by over 60 UN member-countries.
On the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF)
The St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) is a leading international economic and business forum held annually in Russia. The St. Petersburg International Economic Forum was established in 1997. Since 2006 SPIEF has been held under the patronage of the President of the Russian Federation. The Organising Committee of the SPIEF is chaired by Russia's Minister for Economic Development, with input on the programme and activities coming from a community of major international and Russian business leaders.
Over the past five years the Forum has transformed into a leading global business event, attracting over 7,000 Russian and international participants, representing government and business circles from around the world, joined by leading voices from academia, the media, and civil society.
The theme of the SPIEF 2015 business programme was "Time to act: shared paths to stability and growth", and included 150 interactive sessions, featuring 668 speakers. The business programme was marked by a variety of international events and formats. The discussions were built around four programme pillars: "Global economy: new challenges and shifting horizons", "Russia: seizing the opportunities", "Human capital and talent development", and "Disruptors: trends and technologies". Forty cultural events were held for SPIEF 2015 participants during the Forum, including those at the city's theatres.
In 2016, to mark the 20th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, two exhibitions - SPIEF Investment Projects and SPIEF Business Expo - will be held for the first time. SPIEF Investment Projects is an exhibition which seeks to share information on investment opportunities in Russia, build trust, and attract major Russian and international investors. SPIEF Business Expo is an exhibition of products and services for successful businesses offering companies an opportunity to present and promote their business products to those who make the decisions on signing contracts. The exhibition pavilion will house a presentation zone, a special communications space for participant and partner-run business events, project demonstrations, and expositions of products and services.
Further information and participation request forms are available at the official websitehttp://www.forumspb.com/en/
On Russia's efforts against terrorism
Terrorism has been growing stronger ideologically and financially and expanding through a connection with
transnational organized crime, support from the drug business, seized oil deposits and extremist ideas, including ideas
on religious and ethnic grounds. Terrorism is becoming an indivisible part of regional conflicts.
"Islamic State", the Al-Nusrah Frontand other terrorist groups have long been growing in the Middle East.
They have acquired additional opportunities for their criminal activity due to the weakeningof state institutions and
the support of various foreign sponsors. Having grown stronger, extremist groups are threatening the future of whole
nations, as evidenced by the example of Iraq, Libya and Syria.
Terrorists have exploited the brutal conflict in Syria and the sectarian divisions in Iraq to generate considerable
financial support and to attract a steady flow of young foreign fighters, along with veterans. We now confront an
interlinked mix of terrorist groups whose members have been radicalized by skilled individuals through direct
indoctrination, the Internet and social media. A real "terrorist International" is acting under the flag of IS. Dozens
of thousands of militants from over 80 countries are fighting in its ranks.
Russia has consistently advocated closer international cooperation to cut short all kinds of terrorism and
to renounce dual standards and the division of terrorists into "good" and "bad." All states must faithfully implement
the decisions of the UN Security Council that provide for preventing the instigation of terrorism and blocking illegal
oil trade, approve sanctions against the Taliban and al-Qaeda and impose an arms embargo on Libya.
Any action must begin with a clear and unambiguous statement of priorities. Counteracting the financing of
terrorism is an important practical objective. The terrorists' ingenuity in seeking to diversify the sources of income
cannot but give cause for alarm. Among the main sources are illegal trade in oil and other mineral resources,
trafficking in narcotics, weapons and cultural artefacts, as well as donations from sympathisers.
The Russian Government links the tasks of preventing terrorism with the issues of combatting violent
extremism. It is critical that the initiatives put forward in this sphere be based on the solid foundation of
international law, respect for sovereignty and equality of statesand non-interference in their internal affairs. One
should not go over the heads of legitimate governments while promoting the slogans of the fight against extremism in
certain countries.˙ Such attempts have been made and they have led to no good.
Comprehensive approach and collective actions are needed to fight the ideologists and instigators of the
global extremism who try to impose their will on individual states and whole regions of the world. Practical
counter-action against the growing terrorist threat can be effective only given the unity of our goals and aspirations,
resolve and coordination of common actions.
On a practical level, Moscow has consistently advocated establishing an intra-Syrian dialogue. The initial
steps were gradually taken, initially based on President Vladimir Putin's talks with Barack Obama: the Russian-American
group began to prepare a broader process for external support for intra-Syrian talks. The International Syria
SupportGroup has been created, which included all the key players, including regional powers.˙
Intra-Syrian talks between the government and delegations of multiple opposition groups have finally been launched
in Geneva. Now that Russia withdraws the main part of its military in Syria, the burden of proof and responsibility to
deliver is on all the participants of the Syrian peace process and all the outside players.
The work is difficult and we have yet to see how all these groups can gather at one table. For now, UN
representatives are working separately with each of them, but the process has begun, and the whole international
community is interested to making it sustainable and irreversible.˙
On the Russian Federation's BRICS Chairmanship
BRICS has strengthened its global standing as an important factor in international affairs and an efficient mechanism for harmonizing the five countries' positions on the modern-day pressing challenges. The Group has been continuously improving its extensive architecture of cooperation mechanisms intended to promote hands-on enhancement of the global financial system's stability and reliability and the strengthening of trade, economic and investment cooperation between the BRICS participants and with other countries. The operationalization of BRICS financial institutions crowned our joint efforts in this area.
A major practical achievement under the Russian Chairmanship (April 2015-February 2016) was the launch of the New Development Bank and the BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement, which aim to promote greater stability and sustainability of the global financial system and to enhance economic and investment cooperation.
BRICS is not only about the economy. An important priority within its activities is the strengthening of global security and stability. BRICS has been increasingly focusing on intensifying cooperation in countering new challenges and threats, particularly terrorism. A substantial discussion on objectives in this area took place during the National Security Advisors meeting in Moscow on 26 May 2015.
The Russian Chairmanship welcomed the considerable impetus given by the joint efforts of five countries to the enhancement of soft power mechanisms.
The collective achievements of the BRICS countries strengthen the role of the Group in international affairs, stimulate the interest in and attention to its work not only on the part of foreign policy experts, but also of civil society around the world.
The key event of the Russian BRICS Chairmanship has been the Summit in Ufa on 8-9 July 2015 under the theme 'BRICS Partnership - a Powerful Factor of Global Development'. The Summit adopted the Ufa Declaration, the Ufa Action Plan and the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, establishing major goals and areas for BRICS future development. The heads of relevant agencies of the five countries signed the Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Culture and the Memorandum of Understanding on the Creation of the Joint BRICS Website. The Russian Side initiated the preparation of a Roadmap for Trade, Economic and Investment Cooperation until 2020.
During the year of the Russian Chairmanship there were a total of over 100 events, more than two dozen of them held at the level of government ministers and agency heads. It was a period of further consolidation of BRICS, of active and consistent joint work on enhancing cooperation within BRICS and of opening new tracks for collaboration. BRICS continued to develop into a comprehensive mechanism of strategic cooperation on key issues of global politics and the economy.
Most of the documents referred to the Russian Chairmanship can be found at the official websites: www.brics2015.ru and www.infobrics.org/russia.
EMBASSY OF RUSSIA IN BOTSWANA
On the occasion of the Russian Federation's Diplomacy Day
On February 10, Russian diplomats mark their professional day, which was established in 2002. The date itself is closely associated with the history of Russia's first foreign affairs agency - the Ambassadorial Department (or "Posolsky Prikaz" in Russian). On 10 February 1549 the Ambassadorial Department, established by Czar Ivan IV, was first mentioned in official chronicles.
By the 16th century, after the creation of a strong united Russian State, the necessity of a special diplomatic department to implement foreign policy became vital. The modern form of foreign policy management - the Ministry of Foreign Affairs - was created in 1802 by the manifesto of Emperor Alexander I.
The Russian diplomacy made crucial contributions to the strengthening of the anti-Hitler coalition during World War II and the creation of the United Nations. Today it plays a significant role within the UN, G20, BRICS and other world and regional fora.
The Russian diplomats celebrate their professional day during this uneasy period of deployment of conflict scenarios in the world. In conditions of growing challenges and threats, Russia appeals to the international community to act in accordance with the UN Charter and coordinate generally accepted approaches to international law, ensuring the equal and undivided security of all countries.
In today's world these tasks are associated with the growing difficulty of the international problems which are to be resolved. The formation of a polycentric world order does not proceed in an easy way. The world is becoming more and more competitive. Russia expresses its concern about turbulence in many regions of the world, ongoing attempts to use force and especially to instigate intercivilisational and interreligious feud.
In these conditions, the responsibility of the Russian Federation for peace and security building on the planet is growing, and, at the same the demand for our balanced responsible course based on firm foundations of international law and the need to promote fairness and democratic principles in international relations, is growing.
On the occasion of the Russian Diplomacy Day the Ambassador of the Russian Federation H.E.Victor I.Sibilev will host a friendly meeting, to which members of the Diplomatic community in Gaborone and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Botswana are invited.
EMBASSY OF RUSSIA IN BOTSWANA
On Creation of Vaccine against the Ebola Virus
PRESS RELEASE, 28.01.2016
Russia has developed and registered 2 highly-effective vaccines against the deadly Ebola virusas was recently announced by the Russian President Vladimir Putin.
On December 24, the head of Russian epidemiology control body Rospotrebnadzor, Anna Popova, said that the documents for registration of the medication had been submitted and the clinical trials were in their final stages.It was also officially confirmed that the vaccine had been successfully tested on people.
Both types of vaccine are produced in the Federal Research Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Moscow.They underwent joint preclinical studies and clinical trials in the institutions of the Russian Ministriesof Health and Defense.
The first vaccine is unique and has no analogues in the world, for the first time two viral vectors with different structures have been implantedusing the cutting edge biomedical technology. As a result it became possible to stimulate the cellular as well as humoral immunity. One of the vaccines has been specially designed for people with immunodeficiency. Its main mechanism ensures the multiplying of cellular immunity more than 35 times.
As for alternative solutions, the effectiveness of American vaccine from Merck and European vaccine developed by the British company GlaxoSmithKlineis lower by several timesthan that of the Russian drug, according to the Minister of Healthcare of Russia Veronica Skvortsova.
Russia is ready to start supplying the medication to Africa from the mid-spring 2016. Moreover, the production infrastructure allows manufacturing it in large quantities of up to 10 thousand doses per month.The cost of a single dose of the Russian vaccine against the Ebola virus is approximately $160.
The Republic of Guinea has recently addressed the Russian Federation requesting to start introduction of two Russian vaccinesin the next few months to conduct a comparative study in the Institut Pasteur of Guinea. Subsequently the President of the Russian Federation gave relevant instructions to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Rospotrebnadzor began negotiating research and implementation of the recently produced vaccine against Ebola with Guinea on 12 January. On the same day, the two countries' delegations met in Moscow to discuss engaging the Russian-Guinean Research Center of Epidemiology in prevention of infectious diseases by using the Russia-developed vaccine.
An agreement was reached under whichthe Guineangovernment undertook to solve a number of administrative, organizational and technical issues for operation of Russian specialists in Guinea.
The World Health Organization welcomed the creation of the Russian vaccine calling it"a positive development".Dr Rick Brennan, Director of WHO's Department of Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response, said that his organization welcomes any achievement that will help combat the Ebola disease.
Although there have been very few cases of Ebola infection lately, WHO believes that Ebola outbreaks may continue. In particular, 10 outbreaks were previously registeredthat were not seemingly associated with the original epidemic. The virus can also remain in the body of the survivors. Therefore, in the coming months it is critical to continue monitoring in the previously infected countries and be prepared to respond to emerging threats.
EMBASSY OF RUSSIA IN BOTSWANA